For citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers, see the APA templates below.
Last name, First initial. Nation/Community. Treaty Territory if applicable. Where they live if applicable. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. personal communication. Month Date, Year.
Cardinal, D. Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. personal communication. April 4, 2004.
The in-text citation should follow the same guidelines noted for a paraphrase or direct quote.
Name of Elder/Knowledge Keeper with year of communication.
Delores Cardinal described the nature of the... (2018).
The nature of the place was... (Cardinal, 2018).
Templates taken from:
MacLeod, L. (2021). More Than Personal Communication: Templates For Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers. KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies, 5(1), 1-5.
Norquest College Library. (2022, February 8). APA 7th edition: In-text citations. https://libguides.norquest.ca/apa/cite#IDG