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An introduction to patents: what they are, the benefits of including them in your research, where and how to search for them, and the patent application process.

Patent Application Resources


For an introduction to the patent application process in Canada, start with CIPO's tutorial and the application section of the Guide to patents.

Tutorial: Your Patent Application | Guide to Patents


United States

USPTO has produced separate online guides for the three types of U.S. patents. 

Utility patents | Design patents | Plant patents



The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) allows you to apply for a patent in multiple countries through your own government's patent office.

Patent Cooperation Treaty Kit 

Protecting Your Investment Abroad: Frequently Asked Questions about the Patent Cooperation Treaty (WIPO)

PCT Applicant's Guide

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